Roaf witnesses America through football and education
College Football Share

Roaf witnesses America through football and education

Roaf' was first passenger on Michigan State's Underground Railroad

Photo: Clifton Roaf and his son Willie at the 2012 Pro Football Hall of Fame ceremonies in Canton, Ohio.

Clifton Roaf's life spans the best and worst America has to offer.

He grew up in the segregated South in Pine Bluff, Ark. He was a teenager at all-black Merrill High when historic Civil Rights events unfolded in 1957 at nearby Little Rock. President Eisenhower sent U.S. Army troops to Central High to enforce desegregation for the Little Rock Nine.

As a young man Roaf escaped segregation when he attended Michigan State on a football scholarship, thanks to his athletic prowess and academic standing as class valedictorian.

As an adult he recently retired after 40 years as a dentist, saying he is "indebted to the people of Michigan State" for his opportunity despite a knee injury preventing him from playing a down for the Spartans. At Michigan State he met his late wife, Andree Layton Roaf. She was the first African-American woman named the Arkansas State Supreme Court.

And as a father, he enjoyed the denouement of vicarious athletic thrills when he spoke at the Pro Football Hall of Fame in Canton, Ohio. His son Willie Roaf chose him to introduce him at the 2012 enshrinement ceremonies. He's also is proud of his daughter, Mary Roaf, a professor at Northern Arizona with a Phd degree.

That's plenty of American exceptionalism, but there's more.

On Tuesday evening, the self-described "country dentist" will be at the Waldorf Astoria in New York when Willie is enshrined into the College Football Hall of Fame. Of the 14 inductees, only Roaf, an 11-time Pro Bowl offensive tackle with the New Orleans Saints and Kansas City Chiefs, and the late Derrick Thomas of the Chiefs and Alabama have doubled up with the Pro Football Hall of Fame. Willie was a first-round pick by the Saints in 1993 out of Louisiana Tech. Clifton will be in the ballroom wearing the Pro Football Hall of Fame ring Willie gave him.

"There is no question America is unique," Clifton said. "I came from humble beginnings. There is no way I could have gone to college without my football scholarship. I am wearing this ring through the efforts of my son. Where else on this planet could my family's story happen but in America?"

Michigan State coach Duffy Daugherty learned about Roaf through Raymond Hatchell, a Michigan State College of Education professor. He had visited Pine Bluff when International Paper Company contracted him through the university to evaluate Pine Bluff's white and black schools systems to ensure they were properly educated to work in the paper mills.

Daugherty, with the backing of Michigan State president John Hannah and athletic director Biggie Munn, brought 44 black players from the South from 1959 to his final season in 1972.

"When Duffy and his staff are given a position in history, they may not be recognized as much as some more famous coaches such as Bear Bryant," Roaf said. "But when you look at what he and this university did, it's astronomical. They took people from limited resources that otherwise never would have had such an opportunity."

Most prominent on the football field were three College Football Hall of Famers, Bubba Smith, George Webster and Gene Washington, and quarterback Jimmy Raye, the South's first black quarterback to win a national title. Raye went on to coach 35 years in the NFL as a mentor to many young black coaches, including Tony Dungy.

But what also makes the Underground Railroad a special story was the 68-percent graduation rate of those 44 players. Escaping segregation meant education -- not just football.

"Somehow we have to refocus on education," Roaf said. "When you look at what happened at North Carolina, where athletes were put in educational tracks without a meaningful degree, that's a tragedy. They were exploited. When I was at Michigan State, my high school principal knew my progress reports. There was pressure on me to take care of my work. Football was the icing on the cake."

Roaf also is hopeful progress can come from protests that have spread throughout the nation in response to the shooting deaths of unarmed black men -- Michael Brown in Ferguson, Mo., and Eric Garner in New York on Staten Island.

"The pundits, erudites and crazies might say because of Ferguson and New York that America is not unique," Roaf said. "I don't block out the negatives. The things we went through in segregation and the Civil Rights movement were horrible. But sometimes the positives and the negatives bring us together and provide more opportunity to achieve.
"Only in this country could there be a place like Michigan State where you could find a John Hannah, a Duffy Daugherty, a Biggie Munn and Raymond Hatchell. That is why people cross the desert to come here; they come packed in trucks or in hulls of ships. They know this is the place that offers opportunity. That's what I taught my children and let my grandchildren know. I get emotional when I defend America."

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Tom Shanahan

Tom Shanahan

Tom Shanahan is an award-winning sportswriter and the author of "Raye of Light". Tom spent the bulk of his career in San DIego writing for the San Diego Union-Tribune. He has covered NCAA Tournaments, Super Bowls, Rose Bowls, the NBA Finals and the World Series in a career that included writing for Voice of San Diego, the San Diego Hall of Champions and Chargers.com. He contributes to the Detroit Free Press, Raleigh News & Observer, MLB.com, Rivals.com and the National Football Foundation's Football Matters. He won multiple first-place awards from the San Diego Press Club and first place from the Copley News Service Ring of Truth Awards. The National Football Foundation/San Diego Chapter presented him its Distinguished American Award in 2003. USA Track and Field’s San Diego Chapter presented its President’s Award in 2000.

Raye of Light: Jimmy Raye, Duffy Daugherty, the integration of college football and the 1965-66 Michigan State Spartans. It explains Duffy Daugherty's pioneering role and debunks myths that steered recognition away from him to Bear Bryant.

By Tom Shanahan; Foreword by Tony Dungy; August Publications


David Maraniss, Pulitzer Prize winner and biographer: "History writes people out of the story. It's our job to write them back in."